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12: Build-up of the operating staff

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Once all the planning had been done, orders placed, and construction was well in hand, came the need to bring in staff and employees for training to operate the service, on and after opening day. In our so-called "Bull sessions," we had quickly recognised that introducing an intensive commuter service would require additional personnel, both to administer and to operate. There were so many other things being organised, work being in hand, that it was not until May 1966, that I was able to make a first attempt at creating an organigram. I did this work on my dining room table, at 4.00 AM on a Sunday morning, That gave us all something to work with, and discuss with the Personnel Department at area and regional levels. The urgency was that it would quickly be necessary to bring in supervisory staff, to follow the advancement of the construction work, to prepare the operating manuals, design the training courses for the employees who would do the operating, then do the training in time for opening day.

With the pressures on the railway from all the growing traffic, and the re-organizing being made for the opening of the new hump yard, all available qualified supervisors were fully occupied. More supervisors would need to be trained, and given enough experience to be able to do the job. More than that, the commuter service would introduce many practices new to the railway, so the supervisors who would join us should be experienced already in railway work so that they would understand how the existing practices would be affected. Drawing them from other jobs would leave gaps somewhere else. I had demonstrated what would be our need, but it fell to the Operations Manager to find the candidates for us, then organise replacements where they would be coming from.

Throughout the Summer, the staffing requirements from the organigram and where to draw them from were discussed and refined. Personnel were transferred in as needed, even before everything was agreed. The final version of our organigram was approved at a general meeting with the Operations Manager and all of the area operating staff on October 6th 1966. That left us seven months to find them all, and build us up to an operating organisation.

For the commuter group, the first staffs needed were for the train equipment. The locomotives were to come out of General Motors, London, much earlier than needed for the commuter service, but we would need staff to look after them as soon as they were ready for inspection and testing there. Next would be deliveries of the car equipment from Hawker-Siddeley in Thunder Bay, so more staff from the Equipment Department traveled to the plant to run tests out on line, before bringing them to Toronto. This would be the first time we could have engine and train crews to get the feel of operating the new equipment. Then would be staff to operate the ticket booths and ticket stock rooms, and the accountants to accumulate the expenses, and prepare the bills and statistical returns to the Government.

For the Government, supervision of parking lots and access roadways became necessary, then organisation for snow clearance ready for winter conditions. They had an interest also in observing the quality of the service they had contracted for with CN.

The locomotives

Eight locomotives were under construction in London, mixed in with their longer production line. They were ready for delivery in the fall of 1966, except that the auxiliary engine-generators for head-end power could not be ready until Spring of 1967. However, CN had need of additional motive power for hauling the growing freight traffic, so delivery of the units was accepted as they became ready, and were rented to CN throughout the winter, and used on freight trains between Montreal and Toronto.

It was basic routine for CN to inspect units under construction, by inspectors in the manufacturer's plant, so no special arrangements were needed for that. But the GO-Transit image called for the cabs of the units to be white, when they would be hauling the commuter trains, and there was some concern that the paint should not deteriorate in freight usage. So in that first Winter, the units were delivered and operated, painted overall in dark blue.

When I visited the GO-Transit offices for an interview with Joe Desjardins, who was then Director of Customer Services, he had with him Tom Henry, also on his staff. In the year when the locomotives were being used on freight trains, Tom was a reporter for The Mississauga News. Tom told me the story of his problems with the colour blue, while he was taking photographs to use with his reports. "The units were being delivered in the Fall of 1966. They came out of GM without the auxiliary engine-generators, but with a slab of concrete for weight, and painted a dark blue. It was a real challenge to me to take photographs so that they did not come out black. I wanted them to come out looking blue".

Staffing Willowbrook

Since train equipment was the first to come, this was where we needed operating staff the earliest. Bob Withrow had been involved with the equipment even before we had created the commuter group, so he had followed the locomotives and cars from their first ordering. Now there was need to recruit staff to maintain the equipment at the Willowbrook depot. Assigning staff in the Equipment Department fell to the responsibility of Dick Babb, the Superintendent of Equipment for the Toronto Area. Dick sent Bob Withrow to Montreal to interview a candidate he had selected. When Bob had explained that the job would be as General Forman, setting up a completely new depot operation, that candidate rose immediately to the challenge. He was Doug Young, then General Forman of the electric shop at Point St. Charles, in Montreal. He reported to Bob Withrow in Toronto on August 1st, 1966, about ten months before we started the service. With him he brought Ron Simpson as Second in Command.

I met with Doug at his home in Orangeville, Ontario, where he mows his big lawn on his power mower! He told me the story of his first visit to Willowbrook, with Ron at his side. Together they went out to inspect the site, and he told me what happened. "The day we went on that property for the first time, to start planning how it would operate, we walked in along the shop track, beside the old car department buildings. There was a box car with equipment of some type in it, chains, cables or whatever. I smelled smoke, and stopped to say to Ron that there was something burning. He looked around and saw that the boxcar was on fire! There was a caretaker in the area, so we asked where we should run to find a phone. We called the fire department, which came to put the fire out. Then Ron and I looked at each other, wondering whether this was something we might expect at Willowbrook. We've only just arrived, and here we are putting out fires already!"

"Almost as soon as I came on the job, you sent two of us, Don McEllistrum and me, over to England, to observe the manufacture of the diesel engines that Hawker-Siddeley would install on the self-propelled cars. We were not at all knowledgeable in this model of engine, so we learned a lot in a short time."

As we grew closer to the date of inauguration, the commuter group brought in two road vehicles, an automobile for our on-line Supervisors to use, that we called on the radio "Mobile one", and a mechanical repair vehicle, called "Mobile Two". I asked Doug what he remembered about getting "Mobile two" ready for service.

"I remember in England we visited a locomotive shop, attached to a commuter operation, to meet with their supervisors and gain some knowledge of problems and solutions they had acquired from experience. They had road trucks, equipped with tools and spare parts that the shop could send out quickly to any site where a train might have developed a mechanical problem. So when we returned to Toronto, I controlled the selection of equipment to be carried on our truck."

"When I came to join you, you used to sit us all down together, Bob Withrow, George Dollis, Jack George and the other good people, in what I would call "bull sessions", just talking about how we would run GO-Transit. So we had input from everybody. It was not a fait accompli. It was a case of building it up from there. That is where I got my impressions and my education"

Did you have any feeling that something different was happening, different from the way other operations had been running?

"Different? Oh, yes. We were planning to put together a shop where the locomotive people and the car people would be working together. There had always been a rivalry between them. Some of it was well intentioned, but to some it was real. At Willowbrook, the locomotives and cars would be parked coupled together in one train for servicing, unless they had to be separated for work. I wouldn't suggest for one minute that there were no animosities. There were. But I think we got it to work very well."

The train equipment

Did you go out to Thunder Bay to while the cars were being built and the trains were out on line for testing?

"I spent a lot of time there, as also did Bob Withrow. We had support from people who went out from the Equipment Departments of the Region and Headquarters, for the quality control and testing. The designs of the cars were completely new to us. We assigned two of our supervisors, Bill Adams and Roy Thompson, as our representatives on the quality control team. They worked closely with Norm Custer, in charge of the manufacture in the Hawker-Siddeley plant."

"We had one tense situation. It was raining hard, when we had taken a train out of the plant for test runs along the line. When we brought the train back, it was late, and someone had closed and locked the gate we had to drive through to put the train back into the plant. We were drowned, absolutely drowned, and there was no telephone around. Finally we got to a phone, and at last someone came to resolve the whole thing. I'm sure they'll remember the guy with the red face, who was mad as all get out!"

How familiar was your staff with the idea of Push-pull, with control wires running through all the coaches?

 I don't think anyone in Toronto was familiar with it. Both Transportation and Equipment had that situation to contend with. To change ends, different valves and switches had to be opened or closed, so there were growing pains. Sometimes trainees would cut out the wrong things, then we would give them more training."

We had the craziest problem with the cars after we had them in our hands. The door control panels required a key to activate them when the Conductor moved to operate from that position. Every coach had one door with a panel above it on each side of the car. We were supposed to receive one key with every car, but in fact we received only two keys! We asked Hawker-Siddeley for the keys that we were supposed to receive, but got the response that there were no more keys available, and if we wanted more, we would have to buy them. They quoted us a price that was out of this world for just door keys, but we were in a bind.

We had to have enough keys to be able to send out four trains, and more for crew training and equipment testing. The shop found a small number of keys that could be modified to fit the door control panels. This was barely sufficient, so George Dollis and Harry Dykstra went out to visit locksmiths in the city to find keys that could be modified to fit. George found some, with very long handles, but they would do, so we ordered them to be modified for us. I remember the moment when Harry returned from the locksmith and placed on my desk a bundle wrapped in newspaper, that he opened up to show 100 keys! What a relief! Another panic over!

Supervision of train crews.

For getting staffs ready for test operations when the train equipment could come out of the shop, we would need to train some crews ready to take them out on line. Supervision of train crews is handled by Trainmasters. These people are the first line supervision, qualified to give direction and training to train crews in the work they have to do, the way they handle their trains, and the technique for doing it. So we needed to bring Trainmasters on staff ahead of the trains being ready.

The organigram I had drawn up, called for three Trainmasters. Not all of them would be needed in the beginning, so our first Trainmaster was Jimmy Morrison, who came on the job with us.

I caught up with Jimmy and his wife Miriam, at their winter retreat down in Florida. Jimmy told me the short story of how he came to work with us in the first place. As a Supervisor around Union Station, he was deeply into the complications of planning and supervising the movements of the extra passenger trains during of the Xmas season. For this work he answered to Roy Menary, the Operations Manager on the Toronto Area. Quite unexpectedly, on 2nd of January, he was told to report to Roy Menary's office, so he immediately wondered where he might have gone wrong. Roy didn't tell him much, just that he was being assigned to the Commuter Group, and telling him he would learn all about it when he got up there. So he was to report to me in the commuter offices right away.

I asked Jimmy how much he knew about the commuter project before he came to us. He said not much. People knew there was to be an increase in the number of trains being run, but everybody was too busy to care much about what the Commuter Group was doing. In the rest of Toronto Terminals, they had no idea what was going on in the back room. "I wasn't even told why I was to be there. So I just said 'yes, sir,' put a smile on my face, and away I went to do the best I could".

Jimmy didn't remember what documents we thrust into his hands. We must have already finalized the schedules for the commuter train movements, because he simply used it without giving it much thought. This was the way the service would run, so now the problems would be how to operate it. He recalled it had been foreseen that crews would be running through Union Station, and that there was nothing in any agreement with the running trades for crews to run on the different seniority districts east and west of the station. There was some resentment for them to think that we wanted them to do that, without adding greatly to the personnel on each side.

That wasn't all! The agreements stemmed from long years of negotiations, and recognised only two different definitions of what constituted a day's work for a day's pay. One was "Straight-away"' starting the trip at one terminal, and being finished at the other end of the run. The other was "Out-and-return", like a single trip to deliver or collect traffic. The two commuter trains that CN ran were based out of Hamilton. Now the Commuter Group wanted crews to make several trips back and forth between the outer terminals on two subdivisions yet, all in one day's work!

Quite often for a crew to be called "Straight away" meant being away from home for a minimum of an eight-hour lie-over at an away terminal, and bunkhouses there might not be the most comfortable places to lie over in. It could be a day or two before a return trip might come up to take them back to their home terminal.

There was a clause in the agreement that we wanted to use that was truly unpopular with all the crews. That was working a split shift, known as "Eight-within-twelve." This allowed for an unpaid time of up to four hours, between two working sessions, for a total of eight hours paid. The constraint was that neither of the two sessions could be shorter than three hours. If we chose to exercise this clause, we could have some of our crews work the peak morning trains, be released during the mid-day period, then operate the afternoon peak trains, as long as we complied with the agreement.

Jim had started with the railway long ago, and had been fireman and engineman on steam and diesel locomotives, so he understood well the attitudes now showing up among the operating employees. There was a positive side for them to consider. Operating passenger trains was better for crews than freight operations. Freight work required a lot of work on the ground, switching cars, shunting back and forth by hand signals, and being concerned about clearing the lines for first class trains. Passenger trains ran as first class trains, with right of schedule, and usually got in a full day's miles quite quickly, without all that hassle. But most of the passenger trains running into the Toronto District of the Brotherhood were originating outside, so there was very little passenger work for Toronto to bid in on.

There came a slow recognition that here was an opportunity for Toronto crews to gain a lot more passenger train runs. More than that, they would be home every night. This would be attractive for the more senior employees, who had already had all that they needed of away-from-home working. But they were not likely to be high-mileage jobs. This was not the best for crews in their middle years, when they would be looking for the highest earnings. When finally the shifts were posted, most of the bids came from experienced staff who stood high on the seniority list, or from juniors, who did not stand to hold the high-paying jobs.

To try to overcome some of the objections to the split shifts, Jim and George Dollis together worked with the Supervisors at area level to develop a rotating schedule, where the crews moved progressively through each shift in turn. A crew coming back from their days off would work the last shift of the day. Each successive day was one shift earlier, until they would work the first shift of the day, then leave again for their days off. This gave a maximum of time off between working that morning shift, then coming back two days later to work the last shift of the day. By the time the service opened, everybody was "Gung-ho!" because quite a few passenger jobs opened up for the Toronto people.

A lot of the planning was done with the Transportation Department on the Toronto Area, under Bob Bowman. The commuter trains running through Union Station would have to be assigned to tracks and platforms, given the track time necessary, and the necessary information given to the tower men controlling the switches and signals. Much of this work fell to George Bushey, for liaison with the Toronto Terminals Railway as well as the other activities of the Area.

When I asked Jim what else he could remember, he shook his head. "There was so much to do, so many offices to talk to, so much pressure of time, and so much paper work to complete. You can't expect me to go into all that. Maybe that does not answer your question. We sorted out the direction we were going, operating timetables, manuals, and how to get them into the working timetables."

That was one of the problems we had. This was so much different from existing operations that it was not possible to go through all the authorization processes to get the schedules included in the operating timetables. The trains would be introduced on line in a progressive manner, starting about a week before inauguration day. This was not easy to include in a published timetable. We had set a date for inauguration to be May 23, 1967, a date that did not fit the biennial publication of system timetables. A separate time card had to be prepared, and our trains ran as "Extras" until the Fall change of card.

Jim remembered how frustrating it was to have the lowest priority on the main line. There was an occasion when one of our trains had to wait at Bathurst Street while a freight-switching move was allowed to cross the main line in front of us. Extra trains had no priority under the proper routine of dispatching at the control room. We worked closely with Clair Gingridge in the dispatching office. It took a long time and quite a few visits to the control room up at the new yard, to get the message across. Our trains would be carrying upwards of a thousand commuters to work, and they had to get to work on time. A change in thinking would be needed, to keep them all moving.

By the time matters advanced to this stage, we had brought in two more Trainmasters. Emmett Roach joined us near the end of January, and Harry Dykstra came shortly after.

Emmett had come up through train crew service, so he had the background to foresee the workings of train staff within the cars and on the platforms. With Jimmy concerned with the head end, and Emmett for the cars, the preparation of manuals went ahead in time to start training the employees when they came to us.

Harry was from the car Department, and had long experience in coach yards, servicing the trains and making them ready for their next departures. He told me how he had started as Carman in the coachyard at Hamilton. CN's commuter trains were based there, so on weekdays the train crews took them to Toronto in the morning, and brought them back at night. The coaches were older cars, displaced from mainline service, and not air-conditioned. They had toilets, so they had to clean them and fill the water tanks. In summer they would arrive in the coachyard with all the windows open, so one job was to go right through closing them all up. In winter, they were steam-heated, so after arrival they had to be connected to the steam pipes on the ground, to keep them from freezing overnight. Then in the morning, when the locomotive came down from the roundhouse, they were disconnected from the ground steam and coupled to the steam supply from the locomotive.

Those cars were lighted by gas, so they had to go through the cars turning the lights off after the cleaners had been through, then in the morning go through with tapers to light them all again. The gas went by the name of "Pintsch Gas". The cylinders were to be checked, and topped up or exchanged ready for the next dispatch. Later the cars had electric lights, from batteries under the cars, so the new work was to charge up the batteries. There was a lot of work, just servicing that old equipment.

Our new trains would be very different. The locomotives would normally remain coupled to their trains, providing head-end power for the lighting and the electric heat. There was no water on the cars, so they could be allowed to stand without heat while they were out of service. Dispatching a train should be so much simpler than with the old equipment. Now the trains serving Hamilton would be running out of Willowbrook, meaning that the crews for these trains also came under the Toronto District of the Brotherhood.

Teaming up with Bob Withrow and Doug Young, the Trainmasters worked on drafting manuals for the train equipment, and with George Dollis and George Bushey on manuals for the train crews. Together they formed a great team, and they were a great contributing factor to the success of the whole operation.

Training the crews

We would need crews ready to operate our first trains, when they were ready for testing at the Hawker-Siddeley plant. Another manual was drafted, giving the information that engine and train crews would need for their operations on line. This was a document that would evolve as more experience was gained from running the trains on tests.

Hawker-Siddeley needed a GO-Transit locomotive to do static tests on the cars as they came off the assembly line, then we would need a whole train to take out for road tests and crew training. So our first locomotive went back to the manufacturer in London to have the auxiliary diesel engine installed.

Two Trainmasters, Jimmy Morrison and Harry Dykstra rode up with the first GO-Transit locomotive to go from Toronto to the Lakehead. They also had members of the Equipment Department from Toronto and Montreal with them. They had two cabooses coupled with the GO-Transit unit behind the locomotives that were hauling the freight train. It was early March when they left Toronto, and the weather was cold, so both the locomotive engine and the auxiliary engine were idling all the time to keep them from freezing. At every freight terminal, someone had to go into the yard offices to explain what was going on, and arrange for them to depart on the next available train.

Finally they arrived in the freight yard at the Lakehead, but it was another switching move to place the locomotive at the plant. It was too late at night for the plant to be open, so they had to call Doug Young down from his hotel, and get him to let them bring the unit in. At last they had it inside the shop, and they could relax for the night.

Five coaches were ready when they got into the plant on March 6th, and the first cab car with four more coaches were ready to put into a train on March 9th Getting the first train ready for the road test was an exercise in itself. There were many adjustments to be made, getting the first set of cars all ready, until they could say they were ready to take it out.

The first trip out was on Tuesday, March 21st. The arrangements were to run out to the west on the Kashabowie Subdivision, towards Atikoken in Manitoba, reaching the siding at Huronia, mile 96.1. The cab car was leading, so the train would return with the locomotive leading. The dispatcher understood what was going on, so he controlled the movements of all the trains on the subdivision to allow this testing to proceed safely. Jim still worried they spent a lot of time in sidings, clearing for other trains on line.

Stops were made at frequent intervals, and the doors opened and closed, so as to simulate the commuter operations. Emmett Roach had come up for this trip. He was involved with the Conductor in watching the operation of the doors, so he wanted to check that the outside lights came on when the doors were open. When the doors opened, he jumped out, just as he would in Southern Ontario, and promptly went up to his neck in snow! He wasn't familiar with the land beside the track, nor how deep the snow was. He was struggling and shouting, so Jimmy had to rush to find a Trainman for the two of them to pull Emmett back on board. He was pretty wet, covered in snow. They brushed him off, but it took the rest of the trip for him to get over that little episode!

Kashabowie test train: Photo George Dollis

These were really shakedown trips, both for the Trainmasters and for the engine crews. It was the first time any of them had driven a "Push-pull" train in the push direction. The cab had the usual handles for throttle and brake, and all the usual meters. But the thing that was missing was the sound of a big diesel engine pulsating beside the cab. When the throttle was advanced, the engineman did not hear the sound of a diesel engine revving up, but the train began to move silently forward. Even judging train speed required a new sense of feel, very different from the motion of a diesel locomotive along the track.

While I was talking to George Dollis about this, he made the comment: "I'll never forget the expressions on the engineman who took it out. He had never seen a machine like this before, much less driven one."

"Did you simply put him in the cab and tell him to drive it?"

"Yep! It was quite interesting. He had Jimmy Morrison and Bob Withrow as his guide and advisors. He handled it very well."

The Trainmasters had gone through the planning and construction of the cars and locomotives, so they understood how the machinery worked. Their need was to get the feel of running it, so that they would be ready to train new crews, when they came to us. The engine crews needed more explanation, in a non-technical way. The re-assurance was that the controls of throttle and brake in the cab car would do all the same things as would have happened in the cab of the locomotive, except that in this direction the locomotive was pushing at the other end of the train.

One big problem was in the technique for changing ends at the termination of the run. There were valves to be closed and switches to put into the "Trailing-cab" position, to completely shut down the controls at that end. If this job were not done correctly, then the controls at the other end of the train would not function. An engineman could lose time if it required another walk the whole length of the train to do the job properly. Just about all the staff lived through this problem at least once during this learning experience.

As more cars came off the assembly line, they all had to have road tests before being accepted for delivery. The need was to bring the cars down to Willowbrook depot, to start the familiarization process for the workers there. The first train of cars arrived in Willowbrook on March 28th. By now, more locomotives were available with auxiliary engines, so the staff started to get familiar with servicing the equipment and preparing it for dispatch. There was sufficient length of track so that new crews could run the trains back and forth down the yard tracks, under the guidance of the Trainmasters. When the crews had learned to operate these gleaming new trains, there was a noticeable enthusiasm building up, waiting for us to get them into service.

For opening day, I wanted to be sure that we would not have untried equipment giving problems out on line in the first days of service. I had arranged for our first four trains to be transferred to Fort Erie, where CN had track space on the Dunville Subdivision that could allow us to put miles on the trains, clear of the traffic in the Toronto Terminals. In this way I could be sure that the first trains into service had already run at least 5,000 miles in simulated commuter service. We sent commuter crews from Toronto to operate these trains, accompanied only by a pilot from the Fort Erie shop, for protection of the train movement.

This sequence of events provided a steady build-up of crews with adequate experience to be able to take the train into service on inauguration day.

Staffing the stations

At the same time as the depot at Willowbrook and the train equipment were developing, the government workers under Bill Howard were getting on with preparing the stations. An earlier chapter describes how we had developed the ticket system the previous year and planned the way the stations would operate. It was time to recruit someone to administer the staffing of the stations, and to train the Station Attendants before opening day.

The best candidate was Don Martin, who came on staff with us January 1st, 1967.

In 1995 I traveled to Kincardine, on the shores of Lake Huron, where Don was resident in a hospital there. Don said his biggest memory of those days was the planning for the staffing and the operation of the stations, before the operation could start. With Jack George and Reggie Corrigan, they worked on the accounting procedures, the forms that would be needed to keep control at the stations, and the handling of the moneys taken in.

Don was proud to produce his GO-Transit hat, with the green band that is discussed in the chapter on "Construction by Government"

This was where Don helped us to develop further the ticket concept. In discussions with Bill Howard and the fixing of the fare tables, we saw the need to be able to sell multi-trip tickets. The problem with the old style of ticket, with its punch points, was that the price usually was an odd number of dollars and cents. It was a slow process of selling just one ticket, taking in the payment and making change. For the traffic demand we hoped for, we needed to sell tickets much quicker than this. So we designed an arrangement of a book of tickets. The individual pages of the book comprised three single-trip tickets in a row, using the same colour codes, and the number of pages was matched to the fare level and book price at that station. This allowed us to create books for a selling price of a good round figure, $5.00, $10,00 and $15.00. Clients could offer a single money bill, and receive a book, with no delay making change.

A passenger took out one ticket for each trip, and treated it just as a single ticket, dropping the first half at the station of origin and the other half at the destination.

There were four kinds of control to be designed and forms created to suit.

We had to have revenue reports of the daily sales at the stations, to know what revenues had been taken in, and to balance the books when the cash went into the bank. Don felt that this was the most difficult of all the forms to finalise.

The level of stock held in the stockroom must be known all the time, so that we could order new printing before stock would run out.

We would need to know day by day what had been the levels of sales of each type of ticket, then issue the proper quantity of replacement, and deliver them out to the stations along the line.

We needed reports of the half-tickets deposited by passengers entering and leaving the stations. These yielded the statistics of passenger loading on the trains, and where passengers were traveling to and from.

The Accounting Clerks were helpful in setting up these controls, in their preparation of accounting forms for the reports to Government.

Every ticket carried a serial number. Before starting the work on shift, the attendant noted the serial numbers of each type of ticket. At the end of the shift, reading the finishing serial numbers told how many had been sold, and how much revenue must go to the bank.

Finally, each station was to have a form, with a column for each train by number and time of day. The attendants would keep a running count of the exiting half-tickets for every train. As soon as the last passenger had exited, the attendants would sort them by station of origin, by the other colour on the ticket portion, and enter the figures in the columns. These forms would come back to the commuter office every morning. Before starting the day's work, I would have on my desk a statement of how many passengers we had carried yesterday, the trains they had traveled on, which stations they had exited at, and where they had traveled from. This would be the way traffic information would be relayed to the Government Department.

Under the ticketing system, the entry halves and the exiting halves were of the same colour. They were to be kept separate and sent to the commuter office for audit and destruction in the municipal incinerator. There were at least two ways we could audit the activities of the stations. We were to do spot checks, repeating the sortation, and verifying the reporting of tickets collected. Then from time to time, we could match the numbers of the ticket halves deposited at a station, with the corresponding halves collected at the destination stations. This was an accepted way of detecting whether there might be fraud in revenue control. We needed reports of the half-tickets deposited by passengers entering and leaving the stations. These yielded the statistics of passenger loading on the trains, and where passengers were traveling to and from.

The Accounting Clerks were helpful in this, in their preparation of accounting forms for the reports to Government.

The other need was for the furnishings at the stations. Each ticket booth would have to hold sufficient tickets for at least one day's sale. The attendants needed tickets displayed in racks, so that they could quickly sell the one the passenger asked for. In view of the selected shape of the tickets, Jack George had a friend in the metalworking business, so they put their heads together and made some experiments with various ideas. From that, Don arranged for the manufacture of ticket holders and dispensers that could be closed and locked up when the attendant departed. A safe was provided to hold the ticket stocks for the next few days, until the receipt of the next delivery to the station. The dispensers at Union Station were about twice the size of the ones for the stations on line, because they had to hold so many more tickets.

This was another place where Jack George's knowledge came into play. The traffic forecasts gave an estimate of how many travelers we might expect at each station, but not a breakdown of where they would be traveling from and to. Since the service was not yet running, we had no field experience to base it on. Jack had to use his judgment to calculate how big should be the first order for ticket printing, how much space they would need for holding in the stockroom. The bulk of the tickets would be to and from Union Station, but we had to be prepared for travelers going between the other possible combinations of stations. From that, he calculated how big should be the ticket stocks at each station, according to the origin-destination combinations, and how often we would need to deliver replacements to keep the stock up.

We finalized the design of tickets, then we prepared the purchase orders, and oversaw the printing of the ticket stocks. The tickets required a safe location for storage facilities, so we arranged a series of shelves in an air-conditioned room adjacent to the police offices in the station.

With all this worked out, came the time to recruit the Station Attendants. It was a big part of Don's work to plan the station staff and station hours. To coordinate with the hours of train operation, the stations would have to be manned between 0530hrs until 0040hrs the next morning. Two Attendants would be needed at each station during the peak hours on weekdays, but not always double on weekends. Between peaks and in the evenings, one Attendant would suffice. That meant some of the jobs posted would be on split shifts. Here also the positions and the hours of duty had to be negotiated and agreed with the Brotherhood.

In the chapter "Setting the scene" of this book, there is information about the rapid growth that was taking place around Toronto, and how the freight shed was being moved from Simcoe Street into a new facility out at the new yard. This shed would be highly automated, to use fewer people than the old one, so there would be some employees released for other work. The jobs in the new shed would be bid on seniority, so any employees low in seniority would not have chance to hold jobs there. Some of the employees did not wish to travel the long distance to the hump yard out at Maple, so they also wanted another alternative.

So Don worked with the CN Personnel Department, and the new jobs were posted for the Station Attendants. This was a great relief for the people who did not stand for higher seniority work, and might have been facing a lay-off. It was good for us, too, in making available employees who were already established in the railway.

As Don said: "All positions had to be advertised by regional bulletins to the whole Toronto Area. We thought we might have a hard time filling all those positions, what with the strange hours of duty and the split shifts, but the response was overwhelming. We had advertised 105 positions. Out of all the bids we received, we accepted about 150, knowing they would have to attend the training classes in ticketing and accounting procedures. Out of all those who attended the training, we kept 125, in case some of them might not qualify for meeting the public. This did happen."

CN's Personnel Department assigned Les Laird and one other Officer to work with George and Don to develop the training courses. Don couldn't remember who was the other one, but I think it was Joe Campbell. I tried to contact Joe, but seemed unable to find him. Time was running out on me too, so I had to start writing without all the contacts I would have liked to make.

Anyway, the trainers had to train themselves first on the material we had prepared, then they decided the candidates would need two days of training. I was able to make a speech of welcome to all the candidates together on the first morning, then they were split into smaller classes lasting two days each. The training officers did a terrific job, and everybody was happy with the result.

When the course was finished, there were 120 qualified employees for us to staff in right away, and those not taken immediately were qualified to move in as vacancies arose.

We had to do some quick action when the success list came to us. The uniforms had been ordered under CN's standard practice, on the presumption that the candidates would be all men coming out of the freight shed. Not so! Two of our personnel who had qualified were women from the offices. The contracts for supply of uniforms did not envisage uniforms for women, so we had to do some quick thinking about how the GO-Transit image should apply to them. We talked with Jessie Smith and Reggie Corrigan about this question, and decided we should ask the Contractor to substitute skirts for them in place of trousers.

I was able to interview Stella Hanula, where she has retired to her house, not far from our Danforth Station. Stella was one of them, and she quickly showed the competence to be the Senior Station Attendant on the afternoon shift. This was like the job of a foreman, overseeing the Attendants and their ticket stocks. She thought the other training officer was Mike Hollingsworth. So much for our memories after 30 years!

Stella was happy that we had chosen skirts for the women, and she continued to wear them right up to retirement. Some of the later recruits came in the years when slacks were more in vogue, and the stations could be cold places to work. So the option of slacks was offered.  

Stella Hanula at home

Another item needing quick action was personal identification for station staffs and supervision who should have authority to pass in and out of the ticket booths in the course of their work. we were already familiar with a process that started from plastic sheet that had multiple layers that could be exposed in turn by cutting away the covering layers in a delicate machining process. With this we could purchase badges to be worn by appropriate staff personnel, as well as identifying persons of authority to the passengers. We discussed this with the manufacturers, who offered us a design of badge that could display the GO-Transit logo with a space beneath where we could paste a plastic strip showing the staff member's name for our stock control.

Each strip started as a black plastic band that passed out from a hand-operated punch. The punch would push outwards with each letter in turn, that showed up white on the black background. Preparing the strips for the names fell to Jessie Smith. The list of successful bidders for the station staff positions gave us the whole series of names that Jessie would punch out and attach on the badges. She spent an arm-stiffening weekend punching out name after name, but joyfully carried them in ready to be issued to the station attendants. The photo shows a badge worn while on duty with GO-Transit.


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