Title Page || 1: The Prewar Line-up in Central Europe
Although Central Europe is an area of prime importance in the world's future, we know
very little of what is going on there. Even prior to the war we had scant knowledge of
what was happening behind the scenes in the Central European countries - Hungary,
Czechoslovakia, Austria, Yugoslavia, Rumania - except for the snap-judgements of itinerant
correspondents plus an occasional analysis from one of the sounder journalists.
John Montgomery was appointed in 1933 to his ministerial post, "U. S. Envoy
Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Hungary" by President Roosevelt to find out what
precisely was going on in that tinder-box region of Europe. He lived in Hungary for eight
years, knew and liked Hungarians of every political persuasion, class and interest - and
his unusually well-informed book is of the utmost importance to all who are interested in
foreign relations, modern history and the politics of our time.
With the rise of Hitler and Stalin the Central European countries became pawns in a
colossal struggle for power. Caught between Germany and Russia, each country tried to
preserve as much of its independence as possible - but each inevitably went down to
defeat. Hungary, of course, was one of the major targets in this power-battle, and her
role as a victim of this conflict has been widely misunderstood. Hungary, The Unwilling
Satellite is the first book to present an authentic record of that country's history
before and during W.W.2 - a history which it is essential for us to know if we ever hope
to construct a decent, a just peace in that turbulent region. Here are the facts not only
about Hungary herself, but as they relate to the Balkans and to Middle-Europe as well.
Here too are the diplomatic maneuverings of Germany, Russia, Italy, Great Britain, France
and the United States - an absorbing narrative. This book brings what has been a very
confusing picture into sharp and lucid perspective. To it John Montgomery contributes an
intimate knowledge of his subject, an objective viewpoint and a deeply American desire to
seek out and make known the truth.
JOHN FLOURNOY MONTGOMERY came from Missouri where he learned at an early age to apply
his state's slogan "Show me. His natural quest for truth about the small countries of
Europe was made use of by Roosevelt, who encouraged him to travel extensively and report
on what he found. His reports were evidently carefully digested by the President and used
in Cabinet meetings.
Born in Sedalia, Missouri, on September 20, 1878, he received his early education
there. In 1904 he married Hedwig Wildi. Much of his life has been spent in business
enterprises. He has been largely interested in the dairy industry, in which he obtained
Before entering the diplomatic service at President Roosevelt's request, he spent a
great deal of time, for business and personal reasons, in various parts of Europe,
particularly in the decade preceding 1983. Being interested in international politics, he
watched the European political situation which foreshadowed the momentous events he later
observed from his preferred position in Budapest.