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The University of the State of New York The State Education Department The New York State Library Albany, New York 12230
THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK
Regents of The University
Martin C. Barell, Chancellor, B.A., I.A., LL.B. Muttontown R. Carlos Carballada, Vice Chancellor, B.S. Rochester Willard A. Genrich, LL.B. Buffalo Emlyn I. Griffith, A.B., J.D Rome Jorge L. Batista, B.A., J.D. Bronx Laura Bradley Chodos, B.A., M.A. Vischer Ferry Louise P. Matteoni, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Bayside J. Edward Meyer, B.A., LL.B. Chappaqua Floyd S. Linton, A.B., M.A., M.P.A. Miller Place Mimi Levin Lieber, B.A., M.A. Manhattan Shirley C. Brown, B.A., M.A., Ph.D. Albany Norma Gluck, B.A., M.S.W. Manhattan Adelaide L. Sanford, B.A., M.A., P.D. Hollis Walter Cooper, B.A., Ph.D. Rochester Carl T. Hayden, A.B., J.D. Elmira Diane O'Neill McGivern, B.S.N., M.A., Ph.D. Staten Island
President of The University and Commissioner of Education Thomas Sobol
Executive Deputy Commissioner of Education Thomas E. Sheldon
Deputy Commissioner for Cultural Education Carole F. Huxley
Assistant Commissioner for Libraries and State Librarian Joseph F. Shubert
Director of the State Library Jerome Yavarkovsky
Director, Division of Library Development Roberta G. Cade
CONTENTS Introduction BIBLIOGRAPHY BIOGRAPHY PRIMARY SOURCES STUDIES AND COMMENTARY General Colonial Period Through the Civil War Reconstruction to the Present
In honor of Black History Month, the New York State Library is issuing An African-American Bibliography: History. The bibliography lists selected resources of the New York State Library that document and comment on the experience of African Americans in the history of the United States. In addition to primary sources and significant historical works, the bibliography contains references to bibliographies and research aids.
Although the bibliography covers the African-American experience from the colonial period to the present, it emphasizes the post World War II period and the civil rights movement that followed the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. The bibliography includes the major civil rights legislation of the past three decades, records the voices of African-American activism and protest, and illustrates the impact African-American voters and political candidates have had on the electoral process.
The bibliography also focuses on the work of African-American historians and social scientists, including not only classic texts by John Hope Franklin and Carter G. Woodson, the "Father of Black History," but also works by William Junius Wilson and Shelby Steele that reflect current African-American debate on social policy.
While the biographies cited in the bibliography are primarily those of African-American civil rights leaders and public officials, also cited are works by or about selected writers, entertainers, and sports figures whose lives have a social significance beyond their professional achievements. Consequently, Frederick Douglass, Martin Luther King, Jr., Barbara Jordan, Jesse Jackson, and Shirley Chisholm are profiled, but so are Paul Robeson, Jesse Owens, Althea Gibson, Muhammad Ali, Langston Hughes, and Richard Wright.
The mission of the New York State Library is to provide reference, information, and materials to support the work of New York State government and to ensure that every resident of the State has convenient free access to essential library services. To carry out this mission, the Library serves as the principal library resource for State government and serves as a coordinating and resource center for the statewide interlibrary loan network. If you cannot obtain the works listed in this bibliography at your local library, you may request them through interlibrary loan. Besides the bibliographic information, each entry in this bibliography contains the New York State Library call number in parenthesis. The use of this call number helps expedite the interlibrary loan process.
The bibliography was compiled by Melinda Yates, a reference librarian on the staff of the New York State Library. The New York State Library would like to acknowledge the generous financial assistance of the Division of Intercultural Relations in the publication of this bibliography.
Abajian, James, comp. Blacks and Their Contributions to the American West; a Bibliography and Union List of Library Holdings through 1970. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1974. (A, 016.9178069, A116, 76-8410). Afro-American Life, History and Culture. Developed for USIS Programs by the Collections Development Branch, Library Programs Division, Office of Cultural Centers and Resources, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, United States Information Agency. Washington, DC: The Branch, 1985. (US, IA 1.27:Af 8). Amistad Research Center. Author and Added Entry Catalog of the American Missionary Association Archives, with References to Schools and Mission Stations. 3 vols. Introduction by Clifton H. Johnson. Westport, CT: Greenwood Pub. Corp., 1970. (A, 016.266, qA517). Ball, Wendy and Tony Martin. Rare Afro-Americana: a Reconstruction of the Adger Library. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1981. (C, 016.9730496, B187, 81-31982). Black Experience; a Bibliography of Books on Black Studies in the Academic Libraries of Brooklyn. Compiled by Lawrence Drowne et al. Brooklyn: Academic Libraries of Brooklyn, 1971. (R, 016.301451, qB627e). Black History. New York: Copublished by the Institute for Research in History and the Haworth Press, 1983. (C, 973.0496 B627, 84-26762). Black Immigration and Ethnicity in the United States: an Annotated Bibliography. Center for Afroamerican and African Studies, the University of Michigan. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985. (C, 016.305896 B627, 85-29692). Blockson, Charles L. A Commented Bibliography of One Hundred and One Influential Books by and about People of African Descent (1556-1982): a Collector's Choice. Amsterdam: A. Gerits, 1989. (A, 016.305896, qB651, 90-27721). Brignano, Russell C. Black Americans in Autobiography: an Annotated Bibliography of Autobiographies and Autobiographical Books Written Since the Civil War. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1984. (C, 016.9730496, B856, 84-37401). California. State College, San Diego. Library. Afro-American Bibliography; List of the Books, Documents, and Periodicals on Black-American Culture Located in San Diego State College Library. Compiled by Andrew Szabo. San Diego: Library, San Diego State College, 1970. (R, 016.9173, C15865). Campbell, Georgetta Merritt. Extant Collections of Early Black Newspapers: a Research Guide to the Black Press, 1880-1915, with an Index to the Boston Guardian, 1902-1904. Troy, NY: Whitston Publishing Co., 1981. (R, 071.3016, C187, 81-23333). The Chicago Afro-American Union Analytic Catalog: an Index to Materials on the Afro-American in the Principal Libraries of Chicago, Housed in the Vivian G. Harsh Collection of Afro-American History and Literature at the George Cleveland Hall Branch of the Chicago Public Library. Boston : G.H. Hall, 1972. (RC, 016.9730496, fC532, 77-22609). Davis, Lenwood G., comp. Black-Jewish Relations in the United States, 1752-1984: a Selected Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1984. (C, 016.9730496, D262, 85-28799). Davis, Lenwood G. and George Hill, comps. Blacks in the American Armed Forces, 1776-1983: a Bibliography. Forewords by Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. and Percy E. Johnston. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985. (C, 016.3550089, D262, 86-22295). Davis, Nathaniel, ed. and comp. Afro-American Reference: an Annotated Bibliography of Selected Resources. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985. (C, 016.9730496, D263, 86-30138). District of Columbia Historical Records Survey. Calendar of the Writings of Frederick Douglass in the Douglass Memorial Home, Anacostia, D.C. Washington, DC: District of Columbia Records Survey, 1940. (C, 012, qD737h). Du Bois, W.E. Burghardt. Select Bibliography of the American Negro for General Readers. Atlanta University Publications. Atlanta: Atlanta University Press, 1901. Fisher, Mary L. Negro in America; a Bibliography. 2nd rev. and enl. ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970. (R, 016.301451, M647a). Fisk University, Nashville. Library. Dictionary Catalog of the Negro Collection of the Fisk University Library, Nashville, Tennessee. 6 vols. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1974. (RC, 019.1, qF539, 76-219). Fraser, Lynette. Bibliography of Publications Relative to Afro-American Studies. Museum of Anthropology, Miscellaneous Series, no. 10. Greeley, CO: Colorado State College, 1969. (C, 016.9173, qF841). Gubert, Betty Kaplan, comp. Early Black Bibliographies, 1863-1918. New York: Garland Pub., 1982. (C, 016.9730496, E12, 83-30308). ______ and Richard Newman, comps. Nine Decades of Scholarship: a Bibliography of the Writings (1892-1983) of the Staff of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. New York: New York Public Library, 1986. (C, 016.8108092, G921, 87-011549). A Guide to Papers of the NAACP: Part I, 1909-1950, Meetings of the Board of Directors, Records of Annual Conferences, Major Speeches, and Special Reports. Editorial adviser, August Meier. Edited by Randolph Boehm. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1982. (MA, 016.9730496, G946, 83-27431). A Guide to Research on Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Modern Black Freedom Struggle. Compiled by the Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers Project. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Libraries, 1989. (C, 016.3231196, G946, 90-48724). Guide to Scholarly Journals in Black Studies. Introduction by Gerald A. McWorter. Chicago, IL: Chicago Center for Afro-American Studies and Research, 1981. R, 016.9730496, G946, 83-24641). Hall, Woodrow Wadworth. Bibliography of the Tuskegee Gerrymander Protest; Pamphlets, Magazine and Newspaper Articles. AL: Department of Records and Research, Tuskeegee Institute, 1960. (C, 016.328334, qT966). Helmreich, William B. Afro-Americans and Africa: Black Nationalism at the Crossroads. Special Bibliographic Series, African Bibliographic Center, new series, no. 3. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1977. (C, 016.9730496, H481, 77-34796). Herod, Agustina and Charles C. Herod. Afro-American Nationalism: an Annotated Bibliography of Militant Separatist and Nationalist Literature. New York: Garland, 1986. (C, 016.305896, H559, 87-029115). Howard University, Washington, D.C. Library. Moorland Foundation. Dictionary Catalog of the Arthur B. Spingarn Collection of Negro Authors. 2 vols. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1970. (RC, 016.808899, fH853955). ______. Dictionary Catalog of the Jesse E. Moorland Collection of Negro Life and History. 9 vols. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1970. (RC, 016.301451, fH853955). Irwin, Leonard B. Black Studies: a Bibliography. Brooklawn, NJ: McKinley Pub. Co., 1973. (C, 016.9173069, I72, 73-4870). Jackel, Adele, ed. Source Materials for Black History, Albany, N.Y. Compiled by Harmanus Bleecker Library and New York State Library. Chronology and bibliography by Fitz Cady. Albany, NY: New York State Library, 1972. (R, 974.742, fN5575). Jones, Charles Edwin. Black Holiness: a Guide to the Study of Black Participation in Wesleyan Perfectionist and Glossolalic Pentecostal Movements. Metuchen, NJ.: American Theological Library Association, Scarecrow Press, 1987. (C, 016.2708208, J76, 89-25281). Library Company of Philadelphia. Afro-Americana, 1553-1906: Author Catalog of the Library Company of Philadelphia and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1973. (C, 016.973, qP544, 74-12140). Library of Congress. Manuscript Division. The National Urban League Southern Regional Office: a Register of Its Records in the Library of Congress. Registers of papers in the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress, no. 59. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, 1983. (C, 016.9750496, qL697, 83-79019). Malval, Fritz J., comp. A Guide to the Archives of Hampton Institute. Bibliographies and Indexes in Afro-American Studies, no. 5. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985. (A, 016.3787554, M262, 86-27658). McCain, Sara B., comp. Negro Culture; a Selective Bibliography. Bowling Green, OH: Ohio State University at Bowling Green, Library, Bibliographic Research Center, 1968. (C, 016.301451, qO378652). McDonnell, Robert W. The Papers of W.E.B. Du Bois, 1803 (1877-1963) 1979: a Guide. Sanford, NC: Microfilming Corp. of America, 1981. (A, 016.303484, qM136, 82-34908). McPherson, James M. et al. Blacks in America; Bibliographical Essays. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1971. (C, 016.9173, B631). Moorland-Spingarn Research Center. Dictionary Catalog of the Jesse E. Moorland Collection of Negro Life and History: First supplement. 3 vols. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1976. (RC, 016.301451, fH853955, 1970b). Morris, Milton D. Politics of Black America: an Annotated Bibliography. Carbondale: Bureau of Public Affairs, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1971. (R, 016.3234, qM877). Newman, Debra L., comp. Black History: a Guide to Civilian Records in the National Archives. Washington, DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, General Services Administration, 1984. (A, 016.9730496, N552, 86-76210). Newman, Richard, comp. Black Access: a Bibliography of Afro-American Bibliographies. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1984. (C, 016.016973, N554, 84-33446). New Jersey Library Association. Bibliography Committee. New Jersey and the Negro; a Bibliography, 1715-1966. Trenton: New Jersey Library Association, 1967. (C, 016.301451, N53952). New York. Public Library. Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and History. Dictionary Catalog. 9 vols. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1962. (RC, 019.1, fN55256). ______. Dictionary Catalog. Supplement, 1-2, 1967-1972. 6 vols. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1967-72. (RC, 019.1, fN55256b). New York. Public Library. Negro in the United States; a List of Significant Books. 1965. (C, 016.301451, N5525). Obudho, Constance E. Black-White Racial Attitudes: an Annotated Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1976. (C, 016.3014514, O14, 76-12556). Palmer, Pamela, ed. The Robert R. Church Family of Memphis: Guide to the Papers with Selected Facsimilies of Documents and Photographs. R. D. Bohanan, manuscripts cataloger. Memphis: Memphis State University Press, 1979. (A, 016.976819, P175, 80-27715). Perry, Margaret. The Harlem Renaissance: an Annotated Bibliography and Commentary. Critical Studies on Black Life and Culture, vol. 2. Garland Reference Reference Library of the Humanities, vol. 278. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1982. (C, 016.8109974, P464, 83-25303). Porter, Dorothy B., comp. The Negro in the United States; a Selected Bibliography. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1970. (R, 016.301451, P844). Professional Guide to the Afro-American in Print: a Bibliography of Current Works by and about the Black Man of America. Compiled by Gladys Marie Sturgis. Normandy, MO: The Afro-American Research Bibliographer, 1969. (C, 016.301451, qP964). Pyatt, Sherman E., comp. Martin Luther King, Jr.: an Annotated Bibliography. Bibliographies and Indexes in Afro-American Studies, no. 12. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986. (C, 016.3234092, P995, 86-40909). Rose Bibliography Project. Analytical Guide and Indexes to Alexander's Magazine, 1905-1909. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974. (C, 016.9173069, R797, 74-15046). Ross, Frank Alexnder. Bibliography of Negro Migration. New York: Columbia University Press, 1934. (C, 016.32526, R82). Russell Sage College, Troy, N.Y. Library. Holdings on Black Americans. Troy: The Library, 1972. (R, 016.301451, qR96895). Rutgers University, New Brunswick, N.J. Library. Negro and New Jersey; a Checklist of Books, Pamphlets, Official Publications, Broadsides, and Dissertations, 1754-1964, in the Rutgers University Library. Compiled by Donald A. Sinclair. New Brunswick: The Library, 1965. (C, 016.301451, R975). Salk, Erwin A. Layman's Guide to Negro history. New York: McGraw Hill, 1967. (R, 016.9090974, S167). Scally, M. Anthony. Carter G. Woodson: a Bio-Bibliography. Bio-Bibliographies in Afro-American and African Studies, no. 1. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985. (C, 016.9730496, S282, 87-011367). Schomburg Center for Research and Black Culture. Bibliographic Guide to Black Studies. Boston, G.K. Hall, 1975. (RC, 019.1, fN55256b). Sims, Janet, comp. The Progress of Afro-American Women: a Selected Bibliography and Resource Guide. Foreword by Bettye Thomas. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1980. (C, 016.9730496, S614, 80-30803). Smith, Dwight L., ed. Afro-American History; a Bibliography. Clio Bibliography Series, nos. 2 and 8. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio, 1974, 1981. (R, 016.917306, S645, 75-11210). Snorgrass, J. William and Gloria T. Woody, comps. Blacks and Media: a Selected Annotated Bibliography. Tallahassee: University Presses of Florida, 1985. (C, 016.0015108, S673, 85-36290). Taylor, Alrutheus Ambush. Negro in the Reconstruction of Virginia. Washington, D.C., The Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1927. (C, 325.26, T238n). Thompson, Lawrence Sidney, comp. Southern Black: Slave and Free; a Bibliography of Anti- and Pro-Slavery Books and Pamphlets, and of Social and Economic Conditions in the Southern States from the Beginnings to 1950. Troy, NY: Whitson Publishing Company Incorporated, 1970. (C, 016.3014522, T473). United States. Library of Congress. Division of Bibliography. List of Discussions of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments with Special Reference to Negro Suffrage. Compiled under the direction of Appleton Prentiss Clark, Chief Bibliographer. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1906. (C, 016.3241, U59). ____. Select List of References on the Negro Question. Compiled under the direction of Appleton Prentiss Clark, Chief Bibliographer. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1906. (C, 016.3268, U59). United States. National Archives and Records Service. Black Studies: Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington, DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, 1984. (A, 016.9730496, qU587, 87-20363). U.S. Army Military History Research Collection. The U.S. Army and the Negro. Carlisle Barracks, Pa: U.S. Army Military History Research Collection, 1971. (R, 016.3550097, U11, 75-32384). Walton, Hanes. The Study and Analysis of Black Politics: a Bibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1973. (C, 016.32, W239, 74-1696). Waxman, Julia. Race Relations, a Selected List of Readings on Racial and Cultural Minorities in the United States, with Special Emphasis on Negroes. Chicago, IL: Julius Rosenwald Fund, 1945. (C, 016.3231, W35). Welsch, Erwin K. Negro in the United States; a Research Guide. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1965. (C, 016.301451, W458). Williams, Daniel T. Eight Negro Bibliographies. New York: Kraus Reprint Co., 1970. (R, 016.301451, qW722e). Wisconsin. University at Madison. Library. Black Periodicals and Newspapers : a Union List of Holdings in Libraries of the University of Wisconsin and the Library of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Compiled by Neil E. Strache et al. Madison: The Society, 1979. (C 016.9730496 qW811, 80-28460). Work, Monroe Nathan, comp. A Bibliography of the Negro in Africa and America. New York, The H.W. Wilson Company, 1928. (R, 016.32526, qW92). Yale University. Library. A Selected List of Periodicals Relating to Negroes, with Holdings in the Libraries of Yale University. Compiled by Joyce B. Schneider. New Haven, The Library, 1970. (C, 016.3045196, qY18, 76-11241)
Abernathy, Ralph. And the Walls Came Tumbling Down: an Autobiography. New York: Harper & Row, 1989. (C, 323.092, A146, 90-7671). Anderson, Marian. My Lord, What a Morning: an Autobiography. New York: Viking Press, 1956. (Z, 780.92, A548a). Andrews, William L., ed. Sisters of the Spirit: Three Black Women's Autobiographies of the Nineteenth Century. Introduction by William L. Andrews. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986. (C, 208.8042, S623, 86-33592). Astor, Gerald. "And a Credit to His Race"; the Hard Life and Times of Joseph Louis Barrow, a.k.a.. Joe Louis. New York: Saturday Review Press, 1974. (C, 796.830924, L888, 75-6579). Balagoon, Kuwasi. Look for Me in the Whirlwind: the Collective Autobiography of the New York 21. Introduction by Haywood Burns. New York: Random House, 1971. (C, 301.45196, ZAL8). Baldwin, James. Notes of a Native Son. Boston: Beacon Press, 1955. (C, 325.260973, B181). ______. Nobody Knows My Name: More Notes of a Native Son. New York: Dial Press, 1963. (C, 301.451, B181). ______. The Fire Next Time. New York: Dial Press, 1963. (C, 301.451, B181f). Blackett, R.J.M. Beating Against the Barriers: Biographical Essays in Nineteenth-Century Afro-American History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1986. (C, 973.0496073, B628, 86-41844). Breitman, George, Herman Porter, and Baxter Smith. The Assassination of Malcolm X. New York: Pathfinder Press, 1976. Edited and introduced by Malik Miah. (C, 364.1524092, L778, 79-20770). Brown, Claude. Manchild in the Promised Land. 1969. New York: Macmillan, 1965. (C, 309.17471, B877). Browne, H. Rap. Die, Nigger, Die! New York: Dial Press, 1969. (C, 323.2, Zb8b8). Cary, Lorene. Black Ice. New York: Knopf, 1991. (C, 373.1829607, C332, 91-26042). Chisholm, Shirley. Unbought and Unbossed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1970. (R, 974.7, Zc5c5). ______. The Good Fight. New York: Harper & Row, 1973. (C, 320.9730924, C542, 73-632). Clay, Cassius Marcellus. The Life of Cassius Marcellus Clay. Memoirs, Writings, and Speeches, Showing His Conduct in the Overthrow of American Slavery, the Salvation of the Union, and the Restoration of the Autonomy of the States. Cincinnati, OH: J.F. Brennan & Co., 1886. (MB/FK, 923.2, CLa). Cleaver, Eldridge. Soul on Ice. New York: McGraw Hill, 1967. (C, 301.45196, C623). Colaiaco, James A. Martin Luther King, Jr.: Apostle of Militant Nonviolence. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1988. (C, 323.40924, K53, 89-2330). Colton, Elizabeth. The Jackson Phenomenon: the Man, the Power, the Message. New York: Doubleday, 1989. (C, 973.9270924, C725, 89-32747). Comer, James P. Maggie's American Dream: the Life and Times of a Black Family. New York: New American Library, 1988. (C, 973.0496073, C732, 90-48932). Costanzo, Angelo. Surprizing Narrative: Olaudah Equiano and the Beginnings of Black Autobiography. Contributions in Afro-American and African Studies, vol. 1. New York: Greenwood Press, 1987. (C, 973.0496073, C838, 87-055762). Cottrell, John. Muhammad Ali, Who Once Was Cassius Clay. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1968. (Z, 796.83, Zm86c8). Davis, Angela. Angela Davis an Autobiography. New York: Random House, 1974. (C, 322.420924, D261, 75-6191). Douglass, Frederick. Life and Times of Frederick Douglass: His Early Life as a Slave, His Escape from Bondage, and His Complete History to the Present Time, Including His Connection with the Anti-Slavery Movement. Hartford, CT: Park Publishing Co., 1881. (C, 360.92, D73d1b2). Duberman, Martin B. Paul Robeson. New York: Knopf, 1988. (C, 790.20924, R653, 89-25678). Du Bois, W.E.B. The Autobiography of W.E.B. Du Bois; a Soliloquy on Viewing My Life from the Last Decade of Its First Century. New York: International Publishers, 1968. (C, 326.092, D816d8). Edwards, Harry. The Struggle That Must Be: an Autobiography. New York: Macmillan, 1980. (C, 973.920924, E26, 81-26652). Evers, Mrs. Medgar. For Us, the Living. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1967. (C, 323.4, Ze9e9). Forman, James. Sammy Younge, Jr.: the First Black College Student To Die in the Black Liberation Movement. Washington, DC: Open Hand Pub., 1986. (C, 973.0049607, Y78, 86-33325). Franklin, John Hope. George Washington Williams: a Biography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985. (C, 973.0496024, W723, 86-30378). ______. A Life of Learning. Charles Homer Haskins Lecture. ACLS Occasional Paper, no. 4. New York: American Council of Learned Societies, 1988. (DACS, 88-47158). ______ and August Meier, eds. Black Leaders of the Twentieth Century. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982. (C, 920.009296, B627, 82-30075). Frommer, Harvey. Rickey and Robinson: the Men Who Broke Baseball's Color Barrier. New York: Macmillan, 1982. (C, 796.3570922, R539, 84-24453). Garrow, David. Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. New York: Morrow, 1986. (C, 323.40924, K53, 87-20319). Gavins, Raymond. The Perils and Prospects of Southern Black Leadership: Gordon Blaine Hancock, 1884-1970. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1977. (C, 301.4519607, H234, 78-24194). Gibson, Althea. I Always Wanted To Be Somebody. New York: Harper, 1958. (Z, 796.34, Zg4g). Gilbert, Olive. Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave. New York: The Author, 1855. (N, 326.92, T87g, 1855). Greene, Lorenzo Johnston. Working with Carter G. Woodson, the Father of Black History: a Diary, 1928-1930. Edited with an introduction by Arvarh E. Strickland. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989. (C, 973.0496073, G811, 89-44898). Harlan, Louis R. Booker T. Washington: the Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901-1915. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. (C, 378.111, W317, 83-29540). Hodges, Willis Augustus. Free Man of Color: the Autobiography of Willis Augustus Hodges. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1982. (C, 973.0496073, H689, 83-24617). Holt, Rackham. Mary McLeod Bethune, a Biography. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1964. (C, 370.924, B563, 89-4596). Hughes, Langston. Big Sea, an Autobiography. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1940. (Z, 818.5, H89A). ______. I Wonder As I Wander: an Autobiographical Journey. New York: Hill and Wang, 1956. (Z, 818.5, H89i). Innis, Doris Funnye, ed. Profiles in Black: Biographical Sketches of 100 Living Black Unsung Heroes. New York: CORE Publications, 1976. (C, 920.073, I58, 79-23511). Johnson, William Henry. Autobiography of Dr. William Henry Johnson, Respectfully Dedicated to His Adopted Home, the Capital City of the Empire State. Albany: The Argus Company, Printers, 1900. (C, 325.26, J71Aj1). Jones, Beverly Washington. Quest for Equality: the Life and Writings of Mary Eliza Church Terrell, 1863-1954. Black Women in United States History, vol. 13. Brooklyn, NY: Carlson Pub., 1990. (C, 973.0496073, J76, 91-7765). Jordan, Barbara. Barbara Jordan, a Self-Portrait. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1979. (C, 328.730924, J82, 79-25033). Kennedy, Florynce. Color Me Flo: My Life and Hard Times. Englewood Cliff, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1976. (LAW/TEXT). King, Coretta Scott. My Life with Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1969. (C, 325.26, Zk5k5). King, Mary. Freedom Song: a Personal Story of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement. New York: Morrow, 1987. (C, 323.1196073, K53, 87-036988). Landess, Tom. Jesse Jackson & the Politics of Race. Ottawa, IL: Jameson Books, 1985. (C, 323.40924, J13, 86-26076). Lee, George L. Interesting People: Black American History Makers. Foreward by Helen E. Williams. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1989. (C, 973.0496073, L478, 89-34494). Lewis, Selma S. and Marjean G. Kremer. The Angel of Beale Street: Biography of Julia Ann Hooks. Memphis: St. Luke's Press, 1986. (C, 973.0496024, H784, 86-36023). Lightfoot, Sara Lawrence. Balm in Gilead. Radcliffe Biography Series. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley Pub. Co., 1988. (C, 616.8900924, L724, 89-25068). Lipsitz, George. 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The Frederick Douglass Papers. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979-. (C, 322.440924, D737, 80-27135). Du Bois, W.E.B. Writings. Edited by Nathan Huggins. Library of America. New York: Literary Classics of America, 1988. (C, 973.0496073, D816, 87-016832). Eaklor, Vicki Lynn. American Antislavery Songs: a Collection and Analysis. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988. (C, 784.68326, E11, 89-2401). Eicholz, Alice and James M. Rose, comps. Free Black Heads of Household in the New York State Federal Census, 1790-1830. Gale Genealogy and Local History Series, vol. 14. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Co., 1981. (R, 929.308996, E34, 82-22714). Elliot, Jeffrey M. Black Voices in American Politics. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1986. (C, 320.9730899, B627, 87-014342). Foner, Philip S. Voice of Black America: the Major Speeches by Negroes in the United States, 1797-1971. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1972. (C, 301.45196073, F673). ______ and George E. Walker, eds. Proceedings of the Black State Conventions, 1840-1865. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1979-80. (C, 973.0496073, P963, 80-29030). ______ and George E. Walker, eds. Proceedings of the Black National and State Conventions, 1865-1900. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1986-. (C, 973.0496, P963, 86-34035). Forman, James. Making of Black Revolutionaries; a Personal Account. New York: Macmillan, 1972. (C, 322.420973, F724). Forten, Charlotte L. The Journals of Charlotte Forten Grimke. Edited by Brenda Stevenson. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988. (C, 371.100924, F737, 89-34163). Franklin, John Hope. Negro in Twentieth Century America: a Reader on the Struggle for Civil Rights. New York: Vintage Books, 1967. (C, 323.40973, F832). Gunther, Lenworth, ed. Black Image: European Eyewitness Accounts of Afro-American Life. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1978. (C, 301.1543301, B627, 78-24298). Jacques-Garvey, Amy, ed. Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey. 2 vols. New Preface by Hollis R. Lynch. Studies in American Negro Life, NL 14. New York: Atheneum, 1969. (C, 325.26, G24a2, 1969). Kennebeck, Edwin. Juror Number Four: the Trial of Thirteen Black Panthers As Seen from the Jury Box. New York: Norton, 1973. (LAW/TRIALS IND., 3058, 74-13515). Black Panthers Trial, New York, 1970-1971. Katz, William Loren, comp. Eyewitness: the Negro in American History. New York: Pitman Pub. Corp., 1974. (C, 301.45196, K19a, 1974). King, Martin Luther. Stride Toward Freedom: the Montgomery Story. New York: Harper, 1958. (C, 325.2609761, K53). ______. A Testament of Hope: the Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1986. (C, 323.40924, K53, 86-23407). The Liberator. Boston: William Lloyd Garrison and Isaac Knapp. 35 vols. (MC/FM, D1, 6-3). Lincoln, Abraham. Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation...September 22, 1863. (N, Manuscripts, Vault). ______. Speeches and Writings. 2 vols. Selected and annotated by Don E. Fehrenbacher. 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The Invisible Soldier: the Experience of the Black Soldier, World War II. Foreword by Howard Donovan Queen. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1975. (C, 940.5403, I62, 76-9135). Mullin, Michael, ed. American Negro Slavery: a Documentary History. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1976. (C, 301.4493097, M959, 77-26785). National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Papers of the NAACP. Editorial Advisor, August Meier. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1981-. (MB/FM, 973.0496073, N277, 83-27401). Opinions of the Early Presidents and of the Fathers of the Republic upon Slavery and upon Negroes as Men and Soldiers. Pamphlets, Loyal Publication Society, vol. 18. New York: C. Bryant & Co., Printers, 1863. (MB/FF, 970, S11, 79-255555). Owens, Jesse. Blackthink: My Life as Black Man and White Man. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1970. (Z, 796.426, Zo9o9). ______ and Paul Neimark. I Have Changed. New York: William Morrow & Company, 1972. (C, 301.45196, O97). Paul, Nathaniel. An Address, Delivered on the Celebration of the Abolition of Slavery, in the State of New York, July 5, 1827, by Nathaniel Paul, Pastor of the First African Baptist Society in the City of Albany. Albany, NY: Printed by John B. Van Steenbergh, 1827. (SCOLL, N, 040, B, v.225). Ripley, C. Peter, ed., Jeffrey S. Rossbach, associate ed., et al. The Black Abolitionist Papers. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985-. (C, 973.0496, B627, 86-34626). Robeson, Paul. Paul Robeson Speaks: Writings, Speeches, Interviews, 1918-1974. Edited with an introduction and notes by Philip S. Foner. Larchmont, NY: Brunner-Mazel, 1978. (C, 790.20924, R653, 79-22093). Rosengarten, Theodore. Tombee: Portrait of a Cotton Planter; with the Journal of Thomas B. Chaplin. Edited and annotated with the assistance of Susan W. Walker. New York: Morrow, 1986. (C, 975.7990309, R813, 86-38041). Rustin, Bayard. Down the Line: the Collected Writings. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1971. (C, 323.4, R971). Slavery: Source Material Selected from a Bibliography of Anti-Slavery in America. Louisville, [Microfiche occupies 12 inches.] Louisville, KY: Lost Cause Press, 1971. (MB/FF, 326, Dumond). Slavery: Source Material Selected from Items Entered under the Subject Group "Slavery" in the Catalog of the Library of Congress. 8750 microfiche. Louisville, KY: Lost Cause Press, 1972. (MB/FF, 326, L697, Library of Congress). Smith, Billy G. and Richard Wojtowicz, comps. Blacks Who Stole Themselves: Advertisements for Runaways in the Pennsylvania Gazette 1728-1790. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989. (C, 973.0496, B631, 89-25466). Sterling, Dorothy, ed. Speak Out in Thunder Tones: Letters and Other Writings by Black Northerners, 1787-1865. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1973. (C, 973.0696073, S838, 74-2867). ______. The Trouble They Seen: Black People Tell the Story of Reconstruction. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1976. (C, 973.0496073, T859, 77-26394). Stewart, Maria W. Maria W. Stewart, America's First Black Woman Political Writer: Essays and Speeches. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987. (C, 973.0496073, S851, 88-028605). Sweet, Leonard I. Black Images of America, 1784-1870. New York: Norton, 1976. (C, 973.0496073, S974, 76-10672). Taylor, Clara, comp. British and American Abolitionists: an Episode in Translatlantic Understanding. Chicago: Aldine, 1974. (C, 326.09, B862, 77-22813). Taylor, Clyde, comp. Vietnam and Black America: an Anthology of Protest and Resistance. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press, 1973. (C, 301.1543959, T239, 74-16393). Taylor, Susis King. A Black Woman's Civil War Memoirs: Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33rd U.S. Colored Trops, Late 1st South Carolina Volunteers. Edited by Patricia W. Romero. New York: M. Wiener Pub., 1988. (C, 973.7415, T246, 88-59722). Turner, Henry McNeal. 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STUDIES AND COMMENTARY
GENERAL Alexander, James I. Blue Coats: Black Skin: the Black Experience in the New York City Police Department since 1891. Hicksville, NY: Exposition Press, 1978. (C, 363.2097471, A376, 79-22442). Bell, Derek. Race, Racism, and American Law. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973. Law School Casebook Series. (LAW/TEXT). Berger, Raoul. The Fourteenth Amendment and the Bill of Rights. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. (C, 342.73085, B496, 89-5300). Berry, Mary Frances and John Blassingame. Long Memory: the Black Experience in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982. (C, 973.0496073, B8534, 82-23573). Bittker, Boris I. The Case for Black Reparations. New York: Random House, 1973. (C, 342.73088, B624, 73-1526). Crouch, Stanley. Notes of a Hanging Judge: Essays and Reviews, 1979-1989. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. (C, 305.896073, C952, 90-14240). Cunard, Nancy, comp. Negro: an Anthology. Edited and abridged, with an introduction, by Hugh Ford. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1970. (C, 910.0317496, qC972). Curtis, Michael Kent. No State Shall Abridge: the Fourteenth Amendment and the Bill of Rights. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1986. (L, 342.73085, C979, 86-38175). Davis, Angela. Women, Culture, & Politics. New York: Random House, 1988. (C, 305.4889607, D261, 89-25730). Drimmer, Melvin. Issues in Black History: Reflections and Commentaries on the Black Historical Experience. Foreword by C. Eric Lincoln. Dubuque, IA: Kendall-Hunt Pub. Co., 1987. (C, 973.0496073, D779, 88-42940). Edwards, Harry. The Revolt of the Black Athlete. Foreword by Samuel J. Skinner, Jr. New York: The Free Press, 1969. (Z, 796.0917496, E26). Finch, Minnie. The NAACP: Its Fight for Justice. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1981. (C, 305.896073, F492, 82-22417). Fleming, John. The Lengthening Shadow of Slavery: a Historical Justification for Affirmative Action for Blacks in Higher Education. With the assistance of Julius Hobson, Jr., John McClendon, and Herschelle Reed. Washington: Published for ISEP by Howard University Press, 1976. (C, 370.973, F597, 77-30628). Foner, Philip S. Organized Labor and the Black Worker, 1619-1973. New York: International Publishers, 1976. (C, 331.880973, F673, 78-20036). Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom: a History of Negro Americans. 6th ed. New York: Knopf, 1988. (C, 973.0496073, F832, 87-05685). Fredrickson, George M. White Supremacy: a Comparative Study in American and South African History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981. (C, 305.800973, F852, 81-26608). Freedom's Journals: a History of the Black Press in New York State: an Exhibition at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, January 30-April 30, 1986. (DACS, 86-80564). Gordon, Vivian Grinell. Lectures; Black Scholars on Black Issues. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1979. (C, 301.451, L471, 79-29739). Gross, Samuel R. and Robert Mauro. Death & Discrimination: Racial Disparities in Capital Sentencing. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1989. (C, 364.660973, G878, 89-1446). Hanigan, James P. Martin Luther Jing, Jr. and the Foundations of Nonviolence. Lanham, MO: University Press of America, 1984. (C, 323.40924, H239, 89-4197). Harris, Fred R. and Roger W. Wilkins. Quiet Riots: Race and Poverty in the United States. New York: Pantheon Books, 1988. (C, 305.569073, Q16, 88-21156). Hine, Darlene Clark, ed. The State of Afro-American History: Past, Present, and Future. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1986. (C, 973.0496, S797, 86-30102). Hoemann, George H. What God Hath Wrought: the Embodiment of Freedom in the Thirteenth Amendment. New York: Garland Pub., 1987. (C, 342.730873, H694, 88-015805). Hughes, Langston, Milton Meltzer, and C. Eric Lincoln. A Pictorial History of Blackamericans. 5th rev. and enl. ed. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1983. (C, 325.260973, qH893a, 1983). Katz, William Loren. The Black West. Rev. ed. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press, 1973. (C, 978.0049607, K19, 74-6695). Konvitz, Milton Ridvas. A Century of Civil Rights. With A Study of State Law Against Discrimination by Theodore Leskes. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961. (C, 323.40973, K82). Mabee, Carleton. Black Education in New York State: From Colonial to Modern Times. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1979. (C, 370.9747, M112, 80-20038). Maynard, Aubre de L. Surgeons to the Poor: the Harlem Hospital Story. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1978. (C, 362.1109747, M471, 78-34304). McElroy, Guy C. Facing History: the Black Image in American Art, 1710-1940. Essay by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Contributions by Janet Levine, Francis Martin, Jr., and Claudia Vess. Edited by Christopher C. Washington, DC: Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1990. (C, 704.949973, qM1141, 90-39375). Meier, August and Elliott Rudwick. Black History and the Historical Profession, 1915-80. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986. (C, 973.0496073, M511, 86-29987). Nalty, Bernard C. Strength for the Fight: a History of Black Americans in the Military. New York: Free Press, 1986. (C, 355.008996, N173, 86-35149). Quarles, Benjamin. Black Mosaic: Essays in Afro-American History and Historiography. Introduction by August Meier. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988. (C, 973.0496073, Q11, 88-62350). Rose, Peter Isaac and William J. Wilson. Through Different Eyes: Black and White Perspectives on American Race Relationships. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973. (C, 301.4510420, R797, 77-20462). Schoener, Allon, comp. Harlem on My Mind: Cultural Capital of Black America, 1900-1968. New York: Random House, 1969. (R, 974.71, qS365). Solomon, Irvin. Feminism and Black Activism in Contemporary America: an Ideological Assessment. New York: Greenwood Press, 1989. (C, 303.484, S689, 90-22604). Sowell, Thomas. Dissenting from Liberal Orthodoxy: a Black Scholar Speaks for the "Angry Moderates". Washington: American Enterprise Institute, 1976. (C, 301.45196, S731, 77-24278). ______. Ethnic America: a History. New York: Basic Books, 1981. (C, 973.04, S731, 81-34499). ______. Pink and Brown People, and Other Controversial Essays. Hoover Press Publication, no. 253. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1981. (C, 300, S731, 81-33653). Steele, Shelby. The Content of Our Character: a New Vision of Race in America. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990. (C, 305.800973, S814, 90-14977). Swain, Charles B. Blacks' Roots in Albany, Old as Fort Orange. Athens, NY: C.B. Swain, 1983. (C, 305.8960747, qS971, 83-34486). Walton, Hanes. Black Political Parties: an Historical and Political Analysis. New York: Free Press, 1972. (C, 329.894, W239, 74-4030). ______. Black Republicans: the Politics of the Black and Tans. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1975. (C, 329.600975, W239, 75-13468). Wilson, William J. 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COLONIAL PERIOD THROUGH THE CIVIL WAR
Berlin, Ira and Ronald Hoffman, eds. Slavery and Freedom in the Age of the American Revolution. Charlottesville: Published for the United States Capitol Historical Society by the University Press of Virginia, 1983. (C, 305.896073, S631, 83-39356). Blight, David W. Frederick Douglass' Civil War: Keeping Faith in Jubilee. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989. (C, 973.7114092, B648, 89-36829). Davis, Thomas J. A Rumor of Revolt: the "Great Negro Plot" in Colonial New York. New York: Free Press, 1985. (R, 974.71, D264). Franklin, John Hope. The Emancipation Proclamation. Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Company, 1963. (C, 973.714, F832). Genovese, Eugene D. Roll, Jordan, Roll: the World the Slaves Made. New York: Pantheon Books, 1974. (C, 917.5069607, G335, 75-9656). Glatthaar, Joseph T. Forged in Battle: the Civil War Alliance of Black Soldiers and White Officers. New York: Free Press, 1990. (C, 973.7415, G549, 89-45713). Irwin, Graham W. Africans Abroad: a Documentary History of the Black Diaspora in Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean During the Age of Slavery. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977. (C, 301.45196, A258, 77-37423). Kaplan, Sidney. The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1989. (C, 973.0496073, K17, 90-22220). Koger, Larry. Black Slaveowners: Free Black Slave Masters in South Carolina, 1790-1860. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1985. (C, 975.700496, K78, 86-34712). Mabee, Carleton. Black Freedom: the Nonviolent Abolitionists from 1830 through the Civil War. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1970. (C, 322.4, M112). McAdoo, Bill. Pre-Civil War Black Nationalism. New York: D. Walker Press, 1983. (C, 973.0496, M113, 84-35403). Miller, Elinor and Eugene D. Genovese. Plantation, Town, and County: Essays on the Local History of American Slave Society. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1974. (C, 301.4493, M647, 75-10814). Nell, William Cooper. The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution, with Sketches of Several Distinguished Colored Persons, to Which Is Added a Brief Survey of the Condition and Prospects of Colored Americans. 6 microfiche. Boston: R.F. Wallcut, 1855. (MB/FF, 970, S11, 79-25555). Oubre, Claude F. Forty Acres and a Mule: the Freedmen's Bureau and Black Land Ownership. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1978. (C, 973.714, O93, 79-20116). Parish, Peter J. Slavery: History and Historians. New York: Harper & Row, 1989. (C, 973.0496073, P233, 89-46046). Quarles, Benjamin. Allies for Freedom: Blacks and John Brown. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974. (C, 973.680924, Q11, 75-3545). Reynolds, Moira Davison. Uncle Tom's Cabin and Mid-Nineteenth Century United States. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 1985. (C, 813.3, R464, 85-30248). Rose, Willie Lee. Slavery and Freedom. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. (C, 973.0496073, R797, 82-23971). Seraile, William. New York's Black Regiments During the Civil War. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1984. (C, 973.7150396, S481, 84-37731). Sorin, Gerald. New York Abolitionists: a Case Study of Political Radicalism. Wesport, CT: Greenwood Pub. Corp., 1971. (C, 326.092, As7). Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin: Presenting the Original Facts and Documents upon Which the Story was Founded. Together with Corroborative Statements Verifying the Truth of the Work. Kennikat Press Series in Negro Culture and History. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1968. (Z, 813.37, Y6a, 1968). Sundquist, Eric J., ed. New Essays on Uncle Tom's Cabin. The American Novel. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986. (C, 813.3, N532, 87-010709). Van Sertima, Ivan. They Came Before Columbus. New York: Random House, 1976. (C, 970.019, V278, 77-28264).
RECONSTRUCTION TO THE PRESENT
Blasi, Anthony J. Segregationist Violence and Civil Rights Movements in Tuscaloosa. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1980. (C, 323.1196073, B644, 81-33868). Blauner, Bob. Black Lives, White Lives: Three Decades of Race Relations in America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989. (C, 305.800973, B645, 89-5136). Bond, Julian. Time to Speak, a Time to Act; the Movement in Politics. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1972. (C, 323.1196073, B711). Bowen, David Warren. Andrew Johnson and the Negro. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989. (C, 973.8, B471). Branch, Taylor. Parting the Waters: America in the King Years. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988. (C, 973.0496073, B786, 90-48004). Brauer, Carl M. John F. Kennedy and the Second Reconstruction. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977. (C, 973.922, B825, 77-37468). Bunche, Ralph Johnson. The Political Status of the Negro in the Age of FDR. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1973. (C, 323.1196073, B942, 74-15034). Capeci, Dominic Joseph, Jr. The Harlem Riot of 1943. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International, 1977. (C, 309.17471, C237, 77-31986). Carmichael, Stokely and Charles V. Hamilton. Black Power: the Politics of Liberation in America. New York: Random House, 1967. (C, 323.40973, C2875). Carson, Clayborne. In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981. (C, 323.1196073, C321, 81-26646). Collins, Sheila. The Rainbow Challenge: the Jackson Campaign and the