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Díaz, Félix (d. 1945)

    He was born in Oaxaca state in the 19th century. He was a nephew of Porfirio Díaz, the log-term president and dictator. He was governor of Oaxaca state and served also as chief of the Mexico City police. He was a general. On October 16, 1912, he launched a rebellion against Francisco I. Madero  from Veracruz, which he had captured with his army. He was defeated and captured on the 23rd, however. Madero commuted his death sentence, planning to have him serve a life sentence. Loyal troops rescued him on escaped on February 8, 1913. Together with General Manuel Mondragón and other supporters he attacked the National Palace but had to fall part to the Ciudadela a few blocks away. The conspirators fired artillery rounds at the National Palace. General Victoriano Huerta, chosen by Madero to defend the government, bombarded the Ciudadela with artillery shells. Civilians were caught in the crossfire during these ten days (Decena Trágica), some being wounded, others dying. Even before they stopped the urban warfare, Rodolfo Reyes mediated between Díaz and Mondragón, on the one hand, and Huerta, on the other, to end the conflict by having Díaz and Huerta agree to share power after overthrowing Madero. Playing a very strong role in these negotiations was Henry Lane Wilson, the US Ambassador appointed by Republican president William Howard Taft; he met wuth them on February 8, 1913. Wilson did not like Madero, thinking him too radical; he preferred the type of government Porfirio Díaz had run.  Henry Lane Wilson became part of the conspiracy and the Pact of the Embassy was signed in the United States Embassy with Wilson looking on. Madero and his vice president, Pino Suárez, were to ousted; Huerta was to assume the provisional presidency; and elections would be held and Díaz elected.
    Events turned against Díaz. Madero and Jesús María Pino Suárez were arrested but Huerta had them murdered on February 22, 1913. Félix Díaz was sent on a long "study mission" to Japan, thus putting him on the other side of the world. He returned in 1917 and fought the government, asserting that he was defending the Constitution of 1857. When Alvaro Obregón led a revolt against Venustiano Carranza, he joined. However, the obregonistas had no use for him. He left the country until 1941. He died in 1945.

Don Mabry
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