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This subcategory contains 155 links

  • The American aboriginal portfolio (1853)(123 clicks)
    Book by Mary H. Eastman
  • "Camping With the Sioux: Fieldwork Diary of Alice Cunningham Fletcher"(136 clicks)
    "National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution; online edition of Alice Fletcher's 1881 diary; includes a transcript of her ethnographic field notes, reproductions of her sketches of Native American life, and photographs of Nebraska and South Dakota ."
  • "Relocation" vs "Removal": simply another example of "Institutionalized Bigotry"?(142 clicks)
    by Michael McLaughlin (2007)
  • "Witness to Manifest Destiny"(172 clicks)
    The Apache Nation
  • 'The Earth Does Not Belong to Man; Man Belongs to The Earth'(135 clicks)
    Dispels the belief that Chief Seattle said this expression.
  • A Guide to the Great Sioux Nation(130 clicks)
    Travel oriented but useful
  • After Columbus: Four-hundred Years of Native American Portraiture(140 clicks)
    369 prints and drawings by Simon van de Passe (1595-1647), George Catlin (1796-1872), and Karl Bodmer (1809-1893), dating from 1627 to the 1830s; 227 gelatin silver and platinum prints by photographers Edward S. Curtis (1868-1954), Karl E. Moon (1878-1948), and Frank A. Rinehart (1862-1928), and sculptor Frederic Allen Williams (1898-1958), from the late 1890s to 1927.
  • Alaska Natives Online(132 clicks)
    Alaska Native and American Indian history, art, celebrities,culture, dance, storytelling, photographs, music, languages, writers, radio, and media. Alaska Natives Online, tourist attractions. Alaska Native and American Indian issues, links and useful internet resources.
  • All Things Cherokee(133 clicks)
    A variety of materials, some historical, some genealogy.
  • America Before Columbus(114 clicks)
    Charles Mann's most recent book, 1491, won the U.S. National Academy of Sciences’ Keck award for the best book of the year. In this lecture he looks at new reserach on pre-Columbian America. He concludes that the Americas had actually been heavily populated and developed before the arrival of Columbus but then were rapidly depopulated by the introduction of numerous European and African diseases, giving Europeans the mistaken idea that their new land was a vast, empty wilderness.
  • American Aboriginal Portfolio(135 clicks)
    The American aboriginal portfolio by Mary H. Eastman ; illustrated by S. Eastman, U.S. Army. Published 1853 by Lippincott, Grambo in Philadelphia .
  • American aboriginal portfolio, The(149 clicks)
    Cover of: The American aboriginal portfolio by Mary H. Eastman Manage Covers The American aboriginal portfolio by Mary H. Eastman ; illustrated by S. Eastman, U.S. Army. Published 1853 by Lippincott, Grambo in Philadelphia.
  • American Horse, Sioux Chief(130 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • American Indian History and Related Issues(160 clicks)
    "This world wide site is a developing site supervised by Professor Troy Johnson and is dedicated to the presentation of unique artwork, photographs, video and sound recordings which accurately reflect the history, culture and richness of the Native American experience in North America and has been expanded to include Indian people of Central America and Mexico."
  • American Indian Oral History Collection(154 clicks)
    Thirty half-hour interviews on audio cassettes conducted by historians and anthropologists, for research and classroom use. Teaching guide included.
  • American Indian Photograph Collection(116 clicks)
    Washington State History Museum Collections Online
  • American Indian Policy(123 clicks)
    Early policy
  • American Indians of the Pacific Northwest(135 clicks)
    This site provides an extensive digital collection of original photographs and documents about the Northwest Coast and Plateau Indian cultures, complemented by essays written by anthropologists, historians, and teachers about both particular tribes and cross-cultural topics. These cultures have occupied, and in some cases still live in parts of Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Montana. Maps are available that show traditional territories or reservation boundaries.
  • An Ungrateful Nation(114 clicks)
    "While working as an agricultural expert for the Bureau of Indian Affairs after WW II, the author [George McColm]co-wrote a report that revealed the desperate plight of the Navajo people who lived on the brink of starvation in the American Southwest."
  • Ancient Cultures of the Southwest(122 clicks)
  • Ancient Ones of the Southwest(124 clicks)
    The people and cultures that inhabited the American Southwest in prehistoric times."
  • Andrew Jackson Addresses Congress(145 clicks)
    On Indian removal policy
  • Anti-Indian Movement on the Tribal Frontier(133 clicks)
    By Rudolph C. Ryser. Introductory chapter
  • Arkansas Archeological Society(123 clicks)
    Indian sites
  • Assignment Geronimo(115 clicks)
    "General Nelson Miles summoned Lieutenant Charles Gatewood to Albuquerque in July 1886 and ordered the reluctant veteran of the Apache wars to go find the elusive Chiricahua leader down in the mountains of Mexico."
  • Autobiography of Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak, or Black Hawk (127 clicks)
    embracing the traditions of his nation, various wars in which he has been engaged, and his account of the cause and general history of the Black Hawk war of 1832, his surrender, and travels through the United States. Dictated by himself. Antoine LeClair, U. S. interpreter. J. B. Patterson, editor and amanuensis. Rock Island, Illinois, 1833. Also, life, death and burial of the old chief, together with a history of the Black Hawk war, by J. B. Patterson ... Published 1882 by Press of Continental Printing Co.] in [St. Louis .
  • Bibliographies of Northern and Central California Indians(135 clicks)
    From the University of California, Berkeley
  • Black Hawk War(158 clicks)
    The Black Hawk war including a review of Black Hawk's life illustrated with upward of three hundred rare and interesting portraits and views, by Frank E. Stevens. Published 1903 by Frank E. Stevens in Chicago, Ill .
  • Black Hawk, The totem of (126 clicks)
    The totem of Black Hawk a tale of pioneer days in northwestern Illinois and the Black Hawk war by Everett McNeil ; illustrated by Henry S. Watson. Published 1914 by McClurg in Chicago
  • Cahokia(125 clicks)
    Cahokia: A Pre-Columbian American Indian City by Timothy R. Pauketat
  • Camping With The Sioux(111 clicks)
    "The following text is based on two journals kept by Alice Fletcher during a six-week venture into Plains Indian territory in 1881."
  • Carrie de Voe, Legends of the Kaw. 1904(111 clicks)
    The folklore of the Indians of the Kansas River Valley.
  • Center for the Study of the First Americans(125 clicks)
    The Center for the Study of the First Americans explores the questions surrounding the peopling of the Americas. The Center pursues research, education, and public outreach.
  • Change and Crisis: North America on the Eve of the European Invasion(121 clicks)
    by Christopher Miller
  • Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains(122 clicks)
    The HTA republishes this 1918 book, written by a Sioux, about some leaders of Plains Indian tribes. Included are Crazy Horse, Sitting Bull, and Chief Joseph. General George A. Custer plays a role in some of the narratives. The HTA also publishes each biography separately. Check the Articles and Books: United States menu.
  • Charles Curtis, Vice-President of the United States(143 clicks)
    Native American
  • Cherokee History(139 clicks)
    History and geneaolgy.
  • Cherokee Nation v Georgia (1831)(136 clicks)
    The court ruled against the Cherokee.
  • Chief Joseph, Nez Perce Chief(130 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Chief Menominee(114 clicks)
    Several articles dealing with this Indiana chief and the commemoration of his life.
  • Choctaw History(133 clicks)
    A Journey Past supplies lots of links.
  • Colonial Virginia(131 clicks)
    The Colonial Virginia Frontier and International Native American Diplomacy by William E. White
  • Crazy Horse(162 clicks)
    PBS. Tashunca-uitco (1849-1877)
  • Crazy Horse, Sioux Chief(122 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Crow Tribe(120 clicks)
  • Dahcotah, or, Life and legends of the Sioux around Fort Snelling(117 clicks)
    Book by Mary H. Eastman
  • Dakota Conflict Trials, 1862(114 clicks)
    The mass hanging was the concluding scene in the opening chapter of a story of American-Sioux conflict that would not end until the Seventh Calvary completed its massacre at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on December 29, 1890.
  • Discussion of the Iroquois Constitution(140 clicks)
  • Doris Duke Collection(140 clicks)
    The Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History online provides access to typescripts of interviews (1967 -1972) conducted with hundreds of Indians in Oklahoma regarding the histories and cultures of their respective nations and tribes.
  • Eugene War, The Indian War of 1864(124 clicks)
    Book published in 1911. Subtitled: "Being a Fragment of the Early History of Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado and Wyoming."
  • First Nations Histories(146 clicks)
    Excellent site
  • Flags of the Native Peoples of the United States(131 clicks)
    Flags and their stories
  • FOR THE GOOD OF THE TRIBE : The Law of the Crow Nation During the Buffalo Days(116 clicks)
  • From Wounded Knee to Capitol Hill(174 clicks)
    The History, Achievements and Legacy of the American Indian Movement by Jeremy Schneider.
  • Gall, Sioux Chief(149 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Geronimo: His Own Story(149 clicks)
    George Welling's excellent site
  • Grand Village of the Natchez Indians(121 clicks)
  • H-AMINDIAN: New Media for Native Studies(134 clicks)
    Listserv dedicated to the study of the first immigrants to the Western Hemisphere and their descendants.
  • Henry L. Dawes, "The Indian Territory."(143 clicks)
    1900 paper by a Indian Commissioner
  • Henry L. Dawes, Have We Failed the Indian?(134 clicks)
    1899 article from Atlantic Monthly
  • Historical Nez Perce Archive Photography(129 clicks)
    The photos below are presented for public viewing and education on the Internet. They have been made available by the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
  • History of Tecumseh & Tippacanoe(139 clicks)
  • History of the Cherokee(125 clicks)
    The History of the Cherokee" website is a tribute to the strength and determination of our people to survive centuries of trials and oppression.
  • History of the Cherokee(116 clicks)
    This website is designed and maintained by Ken Martin, a Cherokee of mixed-blood and a tribal member of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma.
  • Hole-in-the-Day, Ojibway Chief(131 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Horse Culture(126 clicks)
    The Impact of Horse Culture by Elliott West
  • Images of Native America: From Columbus to Carlisle(143 clicks)
    Essays on how "whites" viewed the peoples of the New World, the Indians, as they were called.
  • Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties(127 clicks)
    "An ongoing digitizatio project, the site contains the full text of over three hundred treaties concerning Native American Indian tribes."
  • Indian Country Virginia(130 clicks)
    In this live performance at Colonial Williamsburg’s Kimball Theatre, the History Guys take on the history of Indians in Virginia. From Jamestown to Thomas Jefferson to Disney’s Pocahontas, they consider some of the ways Virginian Indians have been imagined by non-Native people, and reflect on how those images have shifted over the centuries. Along the way, they are joined by two special guests, actor Larry Pourier and Colonial Williamsbug’s own Buck Woodard — both of whom contributed to the 2005 film The New World.
  • Indian industrial school, Carlisle, PA(125 clicks)
  • Indian industrial school, Carlisle, PA (1895)(124 clicks)
  • Indian Peoples of the Northern Great Plains(113 clicks)
    "Images of the Indian Peoples of the Northern Great Plains is a searchable online photograph database created with grant support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services National Leadership Grant Program."
  • Indian Removal(111 clicks)
    by Theda Perdue
  • Indian Reservations(136 clicks)
    Info on the reservations
  • Indian Slavery in the Americas(117 clicks)
    by Alan Gallay
  • Indian Territory, Warm Springs(134 clicks)
  • Iroquois Constitution(181 clicks)
    From the The University of Oklahoma Law Center. See this site for a wealth of documents.
  • Iroquois League(114 clicks)
    by Matthew Dennis
  • Iroquois Net(126 clicks)
    Includes links to other sites
  • Lakota Noon at the Greasy Grass(117 clicks)
  • Lenape Indians(149 clicks)
    Museum of the Lenape Indians is in Allentown, Pennsylvania.
  • Life of Sitting Bull and history of the Indian War of 1890-91...(127 clicks)
    by W. Fletcher Johnson. Published 1891 by Edgewood in [s.l.] .
  • Literature of Justification(132 clicks)
    Literature of Justification is an ongoing project by students at Lehigh University that takes as its provocative starting point the "gigantic question" that Washington Irving asks in his1809 History of New York (Book I, chapter v): "What right had the first discoverers of America to land, and take possession of a country, without asking the consent of its inhabitants, or yielding them an adequate compensation for their territory?"
  • Little Crow, Sioux Chief(128 clicks)
    Biography from Charles Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Little Wolf, Cheyenne Chief(128 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Mesa Verde Photo Gallery(138 clicks)
  • Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians(145 clicks)
    New site
  • Mississippian Moundbuilders and their Artifacts(122 clicks)
  • Mushulatubbee and Choctaw Removal(119 clicks)
    Google Booj
  • Myths of the Cherokee(118 clicks)
    by James Mooney. Published 1902 by G.P.O. in Washington .
  • Native American Documents Project(120 clicks)
    This collection currently includes the narrative reports of the commissioner of Indian affairs for 1871, 1872, 1875, and 1876, and three additional reports for 1871. It also includes a map of western reservations published with the 1875 report.
  • Native American Sites(151 clicks)
  • Native American Tribes, 1783(142 clicks)
    Map east of the Mississippi River.
  • Native American Voices(115 clicks)
  • Native Americans in Indiana(166 clicks)
    Resistance and Removal
  • Native Americans in North Georgia(143 clicks)
    Creek, Cherokee
  • Native Americans: American Historical Images On File(117 clicks)
  • Native Village(125 clicks)
  • clicks)
    Devoted the Native Americans, i.e., immigrants before 1492
  • Navaho Legends (1897)(120 clicks)
  • Nez Perce Photo Archive(146 clicks)
    The photos below are presented for public viewing and education on the Internet. They have been made available by the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. Text for the archive photos presented for your viewing below has been written by Stan Hoggatt of Western Treasures and may not reflect the view of the National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. The photos may not be copied or used in any manner except for your viewing on this page on the Internet.
  • Onieda Indian Nation(143 clicks)
    Iroquois tribe in upstate New York
  • Painted Warriors(136 clicks)
    Artist George Catlin painted pictures of American Indians.
  • Pocahontas(135 clicks)
  • Powhaten Indian Village(113 clicks)
  • Pueblo Revolt(104 clicks)
    by Edward Countryman
  • Pushmataha: Choctaw Warrior, Diplomat, and Chief(125 clicks)
    Mississippi Choctaw leader. Early 1800s.
  • Rain-in-the-Face, Sioux Chief(120 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Red Cloud, Makhpiya-Luta, (1822-1909)(149 clicks)
    PBS, New Perspectives on the West
  • Red Cloud, Sioux Chief(111 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Roman Nose, Cheyenne Chief(125 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Salinas Pueblo Missions(134 clicks)
    New Mexico. "Two ancient southwestern cultural traditions-the Anasazi and Mogollon-overlapped in the Salinas Valley to produce the later societies at Abó, Gran Quivira, and Quarai."
  • Seminole Negro Indian Scouts(148 clicks)
    The Medal of Honor, this nation's highest honor for valor, was awarded to four Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts. Buffalo Soldier Regimental returns, show that after twelve engagements and twenty expeditions, not one of their men was killed or seriously wounded in their 17 year history.
  • Seminole Tribe of Florida(112 clicks)
    This site is dedicated to the rich history and culture of the Florida Seminole Indians.
  • She-Who-Is-Alone's Sacrifice(116 clicks)
    Comanche legend about the Bluebonnet flower.
  • Shoshone Indians(155 clicks)
    Fron PBS, Lewis & Clark meet the Shoshone
  • Sitting Bull, Sioux Chief(125 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Sky's Cherokee Website(138 clicks)
    The history, language, and culture of the Cherokee people
  • Spotted Tail, A Sioux Chief(135 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • Stereotyping Native America(168 clicks)
    photo essay
  • Tamahay, Sioux Chief(108 clicks)
    Biography from Charles Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftains.
  • The Black Hawk War, 1831-1832 : v. II, letters and papers; part I, April 30, 1831-June 23, 1832(113 clicks)
    The Black Hawk War, 1831-1832 v. II, letters and papers; part I, April 30, 1831-June 23, 1832 compiled and edited by Ellen M. Whitney. Published 1973 by Illinois State Historical Library in Springfield .
  • The Cherokee National Historical Society(140 clicks)
  • The Chickamauga Cherokee(129 clicks)
    brief history of the The Chickamauga Cherokee. Georgia, Tennessee, South Carolina.
  • The Death of Wilhautyah(119 clicks)
    "When a white settler killed a Nez Perce warrior in 1876, the incident set off a chain of events that led to war." By Mark Highberger
  • The Federalist Papers(143 clicks)
    From the Revolution to Reconstruction project
  • The great Indian chief of the West, or, life and adventures of Black Hawk.(134 clicks)
    Published 1856 by H.M. Rulison in Cincinnati, Philadelphia .
  • The Illini Confederation: Lords of the Mississippi Valley(166 clicks)
    When French explorers first journeyed down from Canada to the upper Mississippi Valley in the early Seventeenth Century, they found the region inhabited by a vigorous, populous Algonquin nation who called themselves "Hileni" or "Illiniwek" which means "men."
  • The Lakota Dakota Information Home Page(150 clicks)
    This page deals with Lakota and Dakota peoples. These distinct but related groups are sometimes referred to as Sioux or Siouan peoples.
  • The Last Major Indian Disturbance in Trinidad(163 clicks)
    The summer of 1868 brings war band of Cheyennes, Kiowas, and Comanches to town's door by Bryan Zug
  • The life and adventures of Black Hawk(152 clicks)
    The life and adventures of Black Hawk: with sketches of Keokuk the Sac and Fox Indians, and the late Black Hawk war. 7th ed. Published 1849 by G. Conclin in Cincinnati .
  • The Native Americans of Maryland: Great Contributors Underappreciated(150 clicks)
    By Amy Kirkley, Severn School. Short essay on the interrelationships between the older immigrants (Indians) and the new immigrants (Europeans).
  • The Northern Cherokee Nation of Missouri (171 clicks)
  • The Seminoles(114 clicks)
    Seminole tribe of Florida official website
  • The Shawnee(141 clicks)
    "Links to web sites and information about the Shawnee and many links about Tecumseh."
  • The Wounded Knee Massacre(117 clicks)
    By Lorie Liggett. Introductory essay. Site contains links.
  • This Week in "American Indian" History(133 clicks)
  • Thus Spoke Chief Seattle: The Story of An Undocumented Speech"(153 clicks)
    Spring 1985, Vol. 18, No. 1. "Thus Spoke Chief Seattle: The Story of An Undocumented Speech" By Jerry L. Clark
  • Trail of Tears(137 clicks)
    National Historic Trail
  • Two Strike, Sioux Chief(127 clicks)
    Biography from Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Indian Heroes And Great Chieftain.
  • Unearthing Tse-whit-zen(119 clicks)
    Tse-whit-zen in the state of Washington
  • Warriors and Chiefs: Cochise(156 clicks)
    Short bio of Chiricahua Chief Cochise. Apache.
  • Warriors and Chiefs: Stand Watie: Cherokee Chief and Confederate General(119 clicks)
    "Cherokee Stand Watie exhibited bravery and leadership while fighting for two lost causes."
  • We Shall Remain(119 clicks)
    PBS series
  • We Shall Remain: After The Mayflower(135 clicks)
    Transcript of Episode 1
  • We Shall Remain: Geronimo(124 clicks)
    Trsnscript of Episiode 4
  • We Shall Remain: Tecumseh's Vision(122 clicks)
    Transcript of Episode Two
  • We Shall Remain: Trail of Tears(130 clicks)
    Transcript of Episiode 3
  • We Shall Remain: Wounded Knee(128 clicks)
    Transcript of Episode 5
  • White Bird Canyon: First Fight of the Nez Perce Flight(133 clicks)
    After Nez Perce soldiers "killed some settlers in Idaho Territory, General O.O. Howard ordered Captain David Perry at Fort Lapwai to go get them, telling him, 'You must not get whipped.' "
  • William M. Edwardy, The Navajo Indians(156 clicks)
    1890 Harper's Weekley article
  • Wounded Knee(129 clicks)
    Lakota. December 29, 1890
  • Wounded Knee Museum(113 clicks)
  • Wounded Knee Museum(150 clicks)
  • “Long-hair” letter from Commissioner of Indian Affairs(134 clicks)
    “Long-hair” letter from Commissioner of Indian Affairs to Superintendent, Round Valley, California